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Colitis Treatment


Colitis Treatment

Colitis Treatment

Colitis treatment  is determined according to the severity of the disease. Often diet changes are employed as colitis natural treatment. Some individuals may have severe long-lasting symptoms that necessitate additional medication and even surgery.

Other complications such as anemia and infection also have to be addressed. Colitis treatment  diet in children and teens may include additional nutritional supplements.  Supplements help to stabilize the normal growth process and aid sexual development.

Individuals without colitis symptoms or whose disease is in remission do not require  colitis treatment . However, a doctor can suggest medications that effectively prolong remission. Colitis symptoms can be managed using medications that consign the disease into remission. Often it is more manageable to consign the disease into remission than to handle its flare ups.

Colitis Treatment Therapy

Colitis Treatment

Colitis Treatment

Diet: The foundation of therapy in  colitis treatment  is diet. Dietary adjustments offer an effective natural colitis remedy for most causes of colitis. Clear fluid diets enable the colon to rest. Because the fluid absorption takes place in the stomach, nothing is passed to the colon for processing into stool.

Hydration: Each diarrheal movement is equivalent to significant fluid loss. Re-hydration is thus necessary to replenish body fluids. Besides the normal daily fluid intake, excessive loss of fluids requires replacement. If dehydration is left to persist, abdominal pain and cramp symptoms are likely to worsen.

IV fluids: Intravenous IV fluids may in some cases be necessary. Inability to take fluids through the mouth is one reason that can necessitate intravenous IV fluids. Ischemic colitis is an illness that may compromise blood flow to the bowels. In such cases, adequate fluids become very vital in  colitis treatment.

Necrotizing enterocolitis is one cause of colitis. Its treatment usually involves the interruption of normal feeding, nasogastric decompression and eventual intravenous IV fluid resuscitation. This unique approach treats colitis by giving attention to acid base and electrolytes balance.

Immediately ulcerative colitis diagnosis cultures are obtained, antibiotic administration should begin. The patient should be monitored closely and provided with cardiorespiratory support. If medical therapy does not offer a solution, then surgical therapy is the last  colitis treatment  option.

Colitis Medication Treatment

Colitis Treatment

Colitis Treatment

Medical  colitis treatment is aimed at reducing any inflammation that triggers symptoms and signs of colitis. In certain cases, ulcerative colitis medication provides symptoms relief and long-term colitis remission. Treating ulcerative colitis may involve drug therapy or surgery.

Multiple drug categories are used by doctors to control  inflammation through different means. Some drugs that are effective on some individuals, may be ineffective on others. Finding suitable drugs may take a while. Additionally, some drugs possess serious side effects. It would be advisable to weigh the benefits versus the risks before settling on an appropriate  colitis treatment.

Anti-inflammatory drugs are usually the first option in  colitis treatment.  Examples of these drugs include:

  • Sulfasalazine Azulfidine. This drug provides  colitis treatment  management through reduction of colitis symptoms. Nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, heartburn and headache are some side effects associated to this drug. Individuals that are allergic to sulfa medications should keep off sulfasalazine.
  • Mesalamine is effective in symptoms alleviation in about 90 % of mild colitis sufferers. Combinations of this medication in oral form, together with enemas perform better than using either agents solely. Rare side effects associated to this drug include pancreatitis i.e pancreatic problems, headache, and kidney problems.
  • Corticosteroids. These drugs are effective in easing inflammation. Their numerous side effects include excessive facial hair, weight gain, high blood pressure, bone fractures, mood swings, osteoporosis, glaucoma, type 2 diabetes, cataracts and a heightened susceptibility to infections. Corticosteroids are usually prescribed for moderate to severe colitis or Crohn bowel disease that is non responsive to other medications. It is recommended for short term use not exceeding 2 to 3 months. In some instances, they can induce colitis remission when combined with immune system suppressors.

Immune System Suppressors In Colitis Treatment

Colitis Treatment

Colitis Treatment

While corticosteroids can induce disease remission, immune system suppressors can be used to perpetuate the remission. Although these medications can reduce inflammation, they are targeted at the immune system rather that at inflammation itself. Immune system suppressors are effective in  colitis treatment.

This has lead to a theory by scientists that digestive tissue damage can arise from the body’s immune system. This happens when your immune system reacts to invading bacterium, virus or the body’s own tissue. By suppressing this reaction, the inflammation subsides. Examples of immunosuppressant drugs include:

Azathioprine (Imuran, Azasan and Mercaptopurine ( purinethol) These are slow acting drugs whose effect may take 3 or more months to be noticed. Initially, they may be used in combination with corticosteroids. Gradually, they become effective on their own and the steroids get tapered off.

Infections, bone marrow suppression, allergic reactions and inflammation in the pancreas and liver are some of its drug side effects. A slight risk of cancer development is possible from these drugs. Patients on either of these drugs need close scrutiny from their doctors. Regular blood tests are necessary to scan for side effects. If you are suffering from cancer, talk to your doctor before commencing this  colitis treatment.

Cyclosporine (neoral Sand-immune). This is a potent drug that is normally used on patients who are unresponsive to other medications. Such individuals may be on the verge of getting surgery due to severe cases of colitis. In some instances cyclosporine is employed to delay surgery till the patient is strong enough to withstand the procedure.

In other cases it may be used to put the signs and symptoms under control until the less toxic drug alternatives become effective. Cyclosporine takes effect in one or two weeks. The drug has severe side effects that include seizures, kidney damage, and fatal infections.  It also poses a slight cancer risk. It is incumbent upon you to discuss its benefits and risks with your doctor.

Infliximab  (Remicade) This drug is suitable for moderate to severe cases of ulcerative colitis. This includes cases where patients are non responsive or intolerant to other  colitis treatment  options. It leads to quick remission, especially for patients that had no success with corticosteroids. This drug may occasionally save some patients from undergoing surgery.

It acts by neutralizing tumor necrosis factor (TNF).  TNF is a protein developed by your immune system. Infliximab detects and eliminates TNF in the bloodstream before it can lead to intestinal tract inflammation.

Infliximab is not admissible to cancer, heart failure or multiple sclerosis patients. The drug is associated to accelerated rates of infection. This is particularly true with tuberculosis, viral hepatitis reactivation and increased risk of cancer and blood complications. Before taking infliximab, skin test for tuberculosis, chest X-ray and hepatitis B medical tests are required.

Infliximab also contains mouse protein. Hence, it can lead to some severe allergic reactions in some individuals. Some of these reactions may linger on for days or even weeks after initiating treatment. Although its effectiveness may dwindle over time, Infliximab can be continued as a long term  colitis treatment  therapy.

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