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Urinary Tract Infection

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Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary Tract Infection

One of the frequently detected bacterial infections in women is urinary tract infections. The most commonly affected group is women that have undergone genitourinary procedures. The condition mainly affects older men compared to younger men. In children under 6 years old, the condition is more common in girls than in boy at 7% and 2% respectively.

The condition can also affect one’s kidneys. In such cases it is referred to as pyelonephiritis urethritis or bladder cystitis. In some cases, it can grow complications and it may even become symptomatic.

Causes of Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary Tract Infection

There are many possible causes of urinary tract infection. One common risk factor in both men and women is the surgical instruments used in various medical procedures. As they age, women’s risk of getting the infection increases.

Some risk factors that have been associated with this condition include genetic factors, previous cases and maternal history of the infection. Holding urine for a long time, narrowed urethra and sexual intercourse also increase the risk of infection. The use of spermicides or diaphragms and contracting UTI at ages below 15 also increases the risk of suffering subsequent infections. In men, enlargement of the prostate organ also increase the risks.

In older men, Urinary risk factors increase in individuals who have obstruction of the urinary tract and prostate disease. In younger men, certain groups had a higher likelihood of infection. Men whose sexual partners were infected were likely to be infected too. Those that engaged in anal sex also had similar urinary tract risks. Uncircumcised men endangered their urinary tract health.

In children, urinary tract infection normally appears as a secondary infection. Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis Staphylococcus saprophyticus and Klebsiella pneumonia are examples of microorganisms that cause urinary tract infection.

Symptoms and Signs of Urinary Tract Infections

It is common for the infected to remain asymptomatic. In other cases, urinary tract infection may result in variable symptoms. The common symptoms of UTI include urgent and frequent urge to urinate. Passing urine is usually associated with pain that may include abdominal pain.

Such symptoms can appear without warning even in previously healthy individuals. In infants, urine infection symptoms include fever, vomiting, irritability and jaundice. Patients that undergo such procedures as catheterization may have their symptoms appear in a few days following the procedure.

Diagnosing Urinary Tract Infections

Diagnosis of urinary tract infections depend on symptoms and signs observed. In some cases, additional tests are used to confirm the infection or to identify the organism behind the infection. It is advisable to conduct urinalysis and urine culture together with some blood tests. Asymptomatic strains of UTI are normally detectable when routine urinary investigations are carried out. In order to rule out other possible conditions and disorders, specialized tests like X-rays and kidney ultrasound can be performed.

Treatment of Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary Tract Infection

When urinary tract infections remain asymptomatic, no treatment may be required. Such tract infections symptoms usually resolve after a few days. However, some cases may need to be monitored. In special cases such as in pregnant women, UTI requires appropriate treatment.

UTI that manifests symptoms should be treated with antibiotics as these eliminate infections fast. Amoxillin, sulfisoxazole cephalosporins and sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim are some recommended brand urinary antibiotics. The type of antibiotic administered depends on the degree and strain of infection. It is recommendable to take a short course of antibiotics a short 4 times a day for 3 to 5 days or 7 to14 days for a long course. In case one has an infected sexual partner, treatment is required. Surgery may be an alternative for anatomical defects that increase susceptibility to urinary tract infections.

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